Efficacy and safety of whole body vibration in maintenance hemodialysis patients - A pilot study.
J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2017 Dec 1 ;17(4):268-274. PMID: 29199185
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess safety and effectiveness of Whole Body Vibration exercise (WBV) to improve physical performance and parameters of inflammation in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD).
METHODS: Prospective, open-label trial in n=14 patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Participants performed WBV twice weekly for 12 weeks before (n=8) or after (n=6) hemodialysis sessions. The primary endpoint was physical performance assessed by the Short-Physical-Performance-Battery (SPPB). Secondary endpoints included established parameters of musculoskeletal assessment and blood chemistry.
RESULTS: As compared to baseline, physical performance (SPPB) improved significantly (p=0.035). Moderate advances were also seen for 6-Minute-Walking test, Timed-up-and-go test, jumping height and handgrip strength. Improvements were particularly pronounced in subjects with seriously impaired baseline performance. Skeletal muscle index showed a tendency to better values. Laboratory data exhibited a significant reduction of white blood cell count and a trend to lower levels of hsCRP. WBV was generally well tolerated. Two events of clinically significant blood pressure decline occurred in patients exercising after dialysis sessions.
CONCLUSIONS: Results of this pilot study suggest effectiveness and safety of WBV in hemodialysis patients. Beneficial effects may affect both, parameters of physical performance and systemic inflammatory activity, which should be verified in larger scale clinical trials.