Resveratrol can be considered an alternative therapeutic agent for myomas. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Resveratrol inhibits human leiomyoma cell proliferation via crosstalk between integrinαvβ3 and IGF-1R.
Food Chem Toxicol. 2018 Jul 17 ;120:346-355. Epub 2018 Jul 17. PMID: 30026090
Leiomyomas (myomas) are the most common benign smooth muscle cell tumor of the myometrium. Resveratrol, a stilbene, has been used as an anti-inflammatory and antitumor agent. In the current study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of resveratrol on the proliferation of primary human myoma cell cultures. Resveratrol arrested cell proliferation via integrinαvβ3. It also inhibited integrin αvβ3 expression and protein accumulation. Concurrently, constitutive AKT phosphorylation in myoma cells was inhibited by resveratrol. Expressions of proapoptotic genes, such as cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, p21 and CDKN2, were induced by resveratrol in myoma cells. Onthe other hand, expressions of proliferative (anti-apoptotic) genes were either inhibited, as in BCL2, or unchanged, as in cyclin D1 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). The accumulation of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 receptor (IGF-1R) was inhibited by resveratrol in primary myoma cells. IGF-1-induced cell proliferation was inhibited by co-incubation with resveratrol. Therefore, growth modulation of myoma cells occurs via mechanisms dependent on cross-talk between integrin αvβ3 and IGF-1R. Our findings suggest that resveratrol can be considered an alternative therapeutic agent for myomas.