Abstract Title:

Mechanisms of resveratrol-induced platelet apoptosis.

Abstract Source:

Cardiovasc Res. 2009 Aug 1;83(3):575-85. Epub 2009 May 7. PMID: 19423619

Abstract Author(s):

Kuan H Lin, George Hsiao, Chwen M Shih, Duen S Chou, Joen R Sheu

Abstract:

AIMS: Apoptotic events have recently been found to occur in platelets, which are anuclear. Resveratrol is present in red wine and has various biological activities, including inhibition of platelet aggregation. Although considerable evidence is available as to the induction of tumour cell apoptosis by resveratrol, resveratrol's effects on platelet apoptosis have not yet been investigated. In the present study, we demonstrate that resveratrol also markedly stimulates apoptosis in washed human platelets. METHODS AND RESULTS: Resveratrol (5-25 microM) completely inhibited platelet aggregation stimulated by collagen. Furthermore, resveratrol time- and concentration-dependently stimulated dissipation of the mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsim), activation of caspases-9, -3, and -8, gelsolin and actin cleavage, Bid cleavage into truncated Bid, Bax translocation, cytochrome c release, and phosphatidylserine exposure but not P-selectin expression in washed human platelets. The presence of z-IETD-fmk, a caspase-8 inhibitor, markedly reversed tBid formation and caspase activation and partially reversed the dissipation of platelet DeltaPsim stimulated by resveratrol. In addition, resveratrol also directly evoked dissipation of DeltaPsim and release of cytochrome c from isolated mitochondria. Furthermore, resveratrol shortened platelet survival or enhanced platelet clearance in an in vivo study. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates for the first time that resveratrol simultaneously inhibits platelet aggregation and stimulates platelet apoptosis. Stimulation of platelet apoptosis by resveratrol may represent the increased therapeutic potential for patients suffering from thrombotic conditions or thrombocytosis to promote platelet destruction and thus prevent pathological clotting. Furthermore, this study also provides a novel conception that rigorous surveillance of platelet numbers may be important during resveratrol treatment in the clinic.

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