n/a
Abstract Title:

Resveratrol Downregulates miR-31 to Promote T Regulatory Cells during Prevention of TNBS-Induced Colitis.

Abstract Source:

Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 01 ;64(1):e1900633. Epub 2019 Dec 11. PMID: 31730734

Abstract Author(s):

Haider Rasheed Alrafas, Philip B Busbee, Mitzi Nagarkatti, Prakash S Nagarkatti

Article Affiliation:

Haider Rasheed Alrafas

Abstract:

SCOPE: Colitis, an inflammatory bowel disease, is associated with aberrant regulation of the colonic mucosal immune system. Resveratrol, a natural plant product, has been found to exert anti-inflammatory properties and attenuate the development of murine colitis. In the current study, the role of microRNA (miR) in the ability of resveratrol to suppress colonic inflammation is examined.

METHODS AND RESULTS: BALB/C mice with 2,4,6-Trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid solution (TNBS)-induced colitis, when treated with resveratrol, show improved clinical outcomes and reduce induction of inflammatory T cells (Th17 and Th1) while increasing CD4+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) and IL-10-producing CD4+ T cells. miR microarray analysis and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) validation from CD4+ T cells show treatment with resveratrol decreases the expression of several miRs (miR-31, Let7a, miR-132) that targets cytokines and transcription factors involved in anti-inflammatory T cell responses (Foxp3 and TGF-β). Transfection studies with miR-31 confirm that this miR directly regulates the expression of Foxp3. Lastly, analysis of public data from human patients with ulcerative colitis reveals that miR-31 expression is significantly increased when compared to controls.

CONCLUSION: Together, the current study demonstrates that resveratrol-mediated attenuation of colitis may be regulated by miR-31 through induction of Tregs and miR-31 may serve as a therapeutic target for human colitis.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.