This review establishes the therapeutic potential of M. charantia against obesity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
The Role ofin Resisting Obesity.
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Sep 4 ;16(18). Epub 2019 Sep 4. PMID: 31487939
(), commonly known as bitter gourd, bitter melon, kugua, balsam pear, or karela, is a tropical and sub-tropical vine belonging to the Cucurbitaceae family. It has been used to treat a variety of diseases in the traditional medicine of China, India, and Sri Lanka. Here, we review the anti-obesity effects of various bioactive components ofestablished at the cellular and organismal level. We aim to provide links between various bioactive components ofand their anti-obesity mechanism. An advanced search was conducted on the worldwide accepted scientific databases via electronic search (Google Scholar, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, ACS Publications, PubMed, Wiley Online Library, SciFinder, CNKI) database with the query TS ="Momordica charantia"and"obesity". Information was also obtained from International Plant Names Index, Chinese Pharmacopoeia, Chinese herbal classic books, online databases, PhD and MSc dissertations, etc. First, studies showing the anti-obesity effects ofon the cells and on animals were classified. The major bioactive components that showed anti-obesity activities included proteins, triterpenoids, saponins, phenolics, and conjugated linolenic acids. Their mechanisms included inhibition of fat synthesis, promotion of glucose utilization, and stimulation of auxiliary lipid-lowering activity. Finally, we summarized the risks of excessive consumption ofand the application. Although further research is necessary to explore various issues, this review establishes the therapeutic potential ofand it is highly promising candidate for the development of anti-obesity health products and medicines.