Review: melanoma stem cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary

Abstract Title:

Testing the cancer stem cell hypothesis in melanoma: the clinics will tell.

Abstract Source:

Cancer Lett. 2012 Oct 13. Epub 2012 Oct 13. PMID: 23073475

Abstract Author(s):

Olga Shakhova, Lukas Sommer

Article Affiliation:

Cell and Developmental Biology, Institute of Anatomy, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address: [email protected]


Whether tumorigenic cancer stem cells (CSCs) exist in melanoma has been the focus of much controversy in recent years. A number of studies have pointed to the existence of melanoma cell sub-populations that act as CSCs and can be distinguished from other tumor cells based on specific surface marker expression or specific properties such as the capacity for extensive self-renewal. Other studies failed to identify melanoma stem cells and proposed that the potential to initiate tumors is a wide spread feature in melanoma inherent to most if not all cells of the tumor mass. As with normal stem cells, the term CSC is based on an operational definition, indicating not just a tumor-initiating cell, but also a cell with the capacity to sustain long-term tumor propagation. Therefore, the experimental set-up chosen to identify putative CSCs in melanoma is crucial: Both the method of tumor cell preparation and the procedure used to assess CSC properties in vivo influence the experimental outcome and hence its interpretation. In this review, we summarize our current knowledge on CSCs and the role of stem cell properties in melanoma and discuss recent findings with respect to their clinical relevance.

Study Type : Review
Additional Links

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & receive The Dark Side of Wheat Ebook

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

The Dark Side of Wheat

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2023, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.