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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Endometriosis Treatment: Role of Natural Polyphenols as Anti-Inflammatory Agents.

Abstract Source:

Nutrients. 2023 Jun 30 ;15(13). Epub 2023 Jun 30. PMID: 37447296

Abstract Author(s):

Valentina Tassinari, Antonella Smeriglio, Virgilio Stillittano, Domenico Trombetta, Romano Zilli, Roberta Tassinari, Francesca Maranghi, Giulia Frank, Daniele Marcoccia, Laura Di Renzo

Article Affiliation:

Valentina Tassinari

Abstract:

Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent common chronic inflammatory disease defined by the presence of extrauterine endometrial tissue that promotes pelvic pain and fertility impairment. Its etiology is complex and multifactorial, and several not completely understood theories have been proposed to describe its pathogenesis. Indeed, this disease affects women's quality of life and their reproductive system. Conventional therapies for endometriosis treatment primarily focus on surgical resection, lowering systemic levels of estrogen, and treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to counteract the inflammatory response. However, although these strategies have shown to be effective, they also show considerable side effects. Therefore, there is a growing interest in the use of herbal medicine for the treatment of endometriosis; however, to date, only very limited literature is present on this topic. Polyphenols display important anti-endometriotic properties; in particular, they are potent phytoestrogens that in parallel modulates estrogen activity and exerts anti-inflammatory activity. The aim of this review is to provide an overview on anti-inflammatory activity of polyphenols in the treatment of endometriosis.

Study Type : Review

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Sayer Ji
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