Abstract Title:

Rhamnetin induces sensitization of hepatocellular carcinoma cells to a small molecular kinase inhibitor or chemotherapeutic agents.

Abstract Source:

Biochim Biophys Acta. 2016 Jul ;1860(7):1417-30. Epub 2016 Apr 14. PMID: 27091611

Abstract Author(s):

Hui Jia, Qian Yang, Tao Wang, Yu Cao, Qi-Yu Jiang, Hong-da Ma, Hui-Wei Sun, Ming-Xiao Hou, Yong-Ping Yang, Fan Feng

Article Affiliation:

Hui Jia


BACKGROUND: The rapid development of multi-drug resistance (MDR) process has hindered the effectiveness of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treatments. Notch-1 pathway, which mediates the stress-response, promotes cell survival, EMT (epithelial-mesenchymal transition) process and induces anti-apoptosis in cancer cells, would be a potential target for overcoming MDR process. This study investigated the potential application of rhamnetin, a specific inhibitor of Notch-1 pathway, in anti-tumor drug sensitization of HCC treatment.

METHODS: The expression of miR-34a, proteins belonging to Notch-1 signaling pathway or MDR-related proteins was detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and western blot assay. To identify whether rhamnetin induces the chemotherapeutic sensitization in HCC cells, the MTT-assays, flow cytometry, soft agar, trans-well and nude mice assays were performed.

RESULTS: The endogenous expression of miR-34a was significantly increased and the expression of Notch-1 and Survivin was downregulated after rhamnetin treatment. Treatment of rhamnetin also reduced the expression of MDR related proteins P-GP (P-glycoprotein) and BCRP (breast cancer resistance protein). Rhamnetin increased the susceptibility of HCC cells and especially HepG2/ADR, a MDR HCC cell line, to a small molecular kinase inhibitor sorafenib or chemotherapeutic drugs etoposide and paclitaxel. The IC(50) value of those drugs correspondingly decreased.

CONCLUSIONS: Together, our findings suggest that rhamnetin treatment may attenuate the MDR process in HCC cells. These findings may contribute to more effective strategies for HCC therapy.

GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: Rhamnetin acts as a promising sensitizer to chemotherapy and may be a novel approach to overcome the MDR process of HCC.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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