Abstract Title:

The role of magnesium in different inflammatory diseases.

Abstract Source:

Inflammopharmacology. 2019 Aug ;27(4):649-661. Epub 2019 Jun 6. PMID: 31172335

Abstract Author(s):

Abbas Shahi, Saeed Aslani, MohammadReza Ataollahi, Mahdi Mahmoudi

Article Affiliation:

Abbas Shahi


Magnesium deficiency (MgD) can cause inflammation in human body. The known mechanisms of inflammation caused by MgD include activation of phagocytic cells, opening of calcium channels, activation of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, and activation of nuclear factor (NF)-κB. In addition, MgD causes systemic stress response through neuroendocrinological pathways. The inflammation caused by MgD can result in pro-atherogenic changes in the metabolism of lipoproteins, endothelial dysfunction, and high blood pressure. Studies suggest that magnesium may play an importantrole in the pathophysiology of some inflammatory diseases. Several clinical trials and laboratory studies have been done on the functional role of magnesium. In this study, we review some inflammatory diseases, in which the magnesium has a role in their pathophysiology. Among these diseases, diabetes, asthma, preeclampsia, atherosclerosis, heart damage, and rheumatoid arthritis have been highlighted.

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