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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Role ofδ-tocotrienol and resveratrol supplementation in the regulation of micro RNAs in patients with metabolic syndrome: A randomized controlled trial.

Abstract Source:

Complement Ther Med. 2023 Jun ;74:102950. Epub 2023 Apr 20. PMID: 37086927

Abstract Author(s):

Safia Fatima, Dilshad Ahmed Khan, Fozia Fatima, Muhammad Aamir, Aamir Ijaz, Ayesha Hafeez

Article Affiliation:

Safia Fatima

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect ofδ-tocotrienol and resveratrol mixture (TRM) supplementation in comparison to placebo for 24 weeks, on the relative expression of miRNAs (miRNA-130b-5p, miRNA-221-5p, miR-15b-5p, miRNA-122-5p, and miRNA-376b-5p) in patients with Metabolic syndrome (MetS).

DESIGN: This randomized placebo-controlled trial was conducted at the tertiary care institute of the NUMS, Rawalpindi, Pakistan. A total of 82 adult MetS patients were enrolled and randomly grouped into the TRM group (n = 41) and the Placebo group (n = 41). Patients in the TRM group were given 400 mg capsules (δ-tocotrienol 250 mg; Resveratrol 150 mg) and placebo received (cellulose 400 mg capsule) twice daily for 24 weeks.

RESULTS: The TRM supplementation revealed a significant (p < 0.001) upregulation of 3.05-fold in miRNA-130b-5p and 2.45-fold in miRNA-221-5p while miRNA-122-5p was downregulated by 2.22-fold as compared to placebo. No significant difference was observed in miRNA-15b-5p and miRNA-376b-5p. Moreover, TRM group participants with reverted MetS had significantly (p < 0.05) upregulated miRNA-130b-5p, miRNA-221-5p, and downregulated miRNA-122-5p relative to non-reverted patients with MetS.

CONCLUSION: Daily TRM supplementation may improve metabolic syndrome by upregulated miR-130b-5p, which is involved in central obesity and inflammation, as well as miR-221-5p, which is involved in insulin resistance. Additionally, TRM downregulate of miRNA 122, which improved dyslipidemia.

Study Type : Human Study

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