Abstract Title:

The role of vitamin D deficiency in sepsis and potential therapeutic implications.

Abstract Source:

J Infect. 2011 Nov ;63(5):321-6. Epub 2011 Jul 13. PMID: 21777617

Abstract Author(s):

Richard R Watkins, Alexandra V Yamshchikov, Tracy L Lemonovich, Robert A Salata

Article Affiliation:

Richard R Watkins


Recent studies have shown that vitamin D has important functions besides bone and calcium homeostasis. Cells of the innate and adaptive immune system express vitamin D receptors and respond to stimulation by 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D. Patients with sepsis have a high mortality rate as well as a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency. In addition, septic patients have decreased vitamin D binding protein levels which further exacerbates vitamin D deficiency. Therapy with vitamin D in animal models of sepsis improves blood coagulation parameters in disseminated intravascular coagulation and modulates levels of systemic inflammatory cytokines including TNF-α and IL-6. Vitamin D can enhance the induction of the antimicrobial peptides cathelicidin and β-defensin which are found on mucosal and epithelial surfaces and act as the body's first line of defense against viral and bacterial pathogens. Vitamin D is potentially an attractive therapeutic agent for sepsis given its low cost and low risk of toxicity and side effects. Further prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trials of adjunctive vitamin D therapy in patients who are deficient are needed in the management of human sepsis syndrome.

Study Type : Review

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.