and rutin, as its major compound: investigating their effect on spatial memory and passive avoidance memory in rats.
Pharm Biol. 2020 Dec ;58(1):447-453. PMID: 32432948
There are numerous pharmacological activities forand its bioactive constituent, rutin, on learning and memory.This study aimed to examine the effect ofand rutin on memory in rats.In this study animals were treated with the hydroalcholic extract ofand rutin by IP injection for 10 days. Behavioural and biochemical tests as well as HPLC analysis and antioxidant activity of extract have been evaluated.extract and rutin significantly increased learning and improved spatial memory, as well as secondary latency; moreover, there were significant increases in the serum and brain antioxidant capacity as well as the level of TBARS in serum and brain tissues. Results also showed thathas significant DPPH radical scavenging effect (IC: 159.17 ± 1.56 μg/mL). The HPLC analysis of extract showed that caffeic acid (19.92 ± 0.01), rutin (40.15 ± 0.01), and apigenin (0.84 ± 0.01) mg/g of dry extract are the main components of the extract.Regarding the effects of.extract and rutin on animal brain cells, memory function, and learning, additional studies, including clinical trials, might be beneficial in producing natural supplementary drugs from this herb.