Saikosaponin-d ameliorates dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Saikosaponin-d ameliorates dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis by suppressing NF-κB activation and modulating the gut microbiota in mice.
Int Immunopharmacol. 2020 Apr ;81:106288. Epub 2020 Feb 13. PMID: 32062075
Saikosaponin-d (SSd), extracts from Bupleurum falcatum L, exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-infectious activities. However, the effect of SSd on intestinal inflammation has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of SSd on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced ulcerative colitis (UC) mice, and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. UC was induced in mice by administrating 3% DSS in drinking water for 7 days. SSd (4 mg/kg and 8 mg/kg) was administered by gavage every day during the experimental process. The results showed that SSd treatment (8 mg/kg) significantly ameliorated UC mice by decreasing disease activity index (DAI), increasing colon length and improving pathological characteristics.SSd treatment (8 mg/kg) significantly suppressed the mRNA levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines including TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β, increased that of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10. Furthermore, SSd (8 mg/kg) suppressed the activation of NF-κB by decreasing the degradation and phosphorylation ofIκB. SSd (8 mg/kg) also protected the intestinal barrier by increasing the mRNA levels of mucin (Muc1 and Muc2) and the protein levels of zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) and Claudin-1. The 16S rDNA gene high-throughput sequencing revealed that SSd treatment (8 mg/kg) increased the alpha diversity andregulated the structure of gut microbiota in UC mice. Taken together, our findings demonstrated that SSd (8 mg/kg) improved DSS-induced intestinal inflammation by inhibiting NF-κB activation and regulated the gut microbiota.