Marine macro-algae attenuates nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicity induced by cisplatin and acetaminophen in rats.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019 Aug ;26(24):25301-25311. Epub 2019 Jun 29. PMID: 31256398
Cisplatin is considered one of the best anticancer medications often used for the treatment of various cancers even with its adverse effects. Acetaminophen (paracetamol) is a widely used analgesic-antipyretic drug that causes hepatotoxicity at higher than the effective doses. The present study assesses the nephroprotective and hepatoprotective effects of two seaweeds against cisplatin and acetaminophen toxicity in rats. Damage to the liver and kidney was induced by administering a single intraperitoneal dose of acetaminophen (600 mg/kg) or cisplatin (7 mg/kg) to groups of rats. The damage to the liver and kidney was assessed by the elevated liver (ALT, AST, ALP, LDH, electrolytes) and kidney (urea, creatinine) biomarkers. The ethanol extract of brown seaweed reversed the elevated levels of kidney and liver biomarkers along with triglycerides, cholesterol, and glucose. Among the two seaweeds, Sargassum ilicifolium showed better nephroprotective and hepatoprotective effects than the standard drug N-Acetyl-cysteine, Halymenia porphyroides showed only limited protection. Findings of this study provide evidence of nephroprotective and hepatoprotective effects of S. ilicifolium. Seaweed could be a beneficial dietary supplement to attenuate nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicity.