Self-assembled betulinic acid protects doxorubicin induced apoptosis followed by reduction of ROS-TNF-α-caspase-3 activity.
Biomed Pharmacother. 2015 May ;72:144-57. Epub 2015 Apr 24. PMID: 26054689
Sandeep Kumar Dash
Doxorubicin (DOX) is a well-known drug used to treat a wide range of solid tumor and hematological malignancies, but the use of this drug is now restricted owing to its severe side effects, including normal cellular toxicity. This study was conducted to evaluate the potency of self-assembled betulinic acid (SA-BA) against DOX induced chemotherapeutic toxicity in human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs). The isolated betulinic acid from the bark of Ziziphus jujuba tree was purified by column chromatography and characterized by FT-IR, XRD, (1)H NMR and self-assembly property was investigated by SEM imaging. DOX treatment produced significant reduction of viability of PBLs mainly by lowering cellular anti-oxidant pool and elevating the reactive oxygen species level. Pre-treatment with SA-BA followed by DOX exposure for 24h protected the PBLs from DOX induced oxidative stress. Potent anti-apoptotic role of SA-BA was also confirmed by FACS analysis and western blot assay. Severe inflammation is one of the major concerns in DOX treatment. We found that pre-treatment with SA-BA on PBLs significantly protected the PBLs from DOX induced inflammation. Thus, our finding confirms that SA-BA can be used to ameliorate the cytotoxic effects of DOX, which can be a helpful strategy during DOX mediated chemotherapy in cancer patients.