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Abstract Title:

Sesamin: Insights into its protective effects against lead-induced learning and memory deficits in rats.

Abstract Source:

J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2022 May 6 ;72:126993. Epub 2022 May 6. PMID: 35550983

Abstract Author(s):

Masome Rashno, Alireza Sarkaki, Shahab Ghaderi, Seyed Esmaeil Khoshnam

Article Affiliation:

Masome Rashno

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Lead (Pb) is one of the most hazardous pollutants that induce a wide spectrum of neurological changes such as learning and memory deficits. Sesamin, a phytonutrient of the lignan class, exhibits anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, and neuroprotective properties. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of sesamin against Pb-induced learning and memory deficits, disruption of hippocampal theta and gamma rhythms, inflammatory response, inhibition of bloodδ-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (δ-ALA-D) activity, Pb accumulation, and neuronal loss in rats.

METHODS: Sesamin treatment (30 mg/kg/day; P.O.) was started simultaneously with Pb acetate exposure (500 ppm in standard drinking water) in rats, and they continued for eight consecutive weeks.

RESULTS: The results showed that chronic exposure to Pb disrupted the learning and memory functions in both passive-avoidance and water-maze tests, which was accompanied by increase in spectral theta power and theta/gamma ratio, and a decrease in spectral gamma power in the hippocampus. Additionally, Pb exposure resulted in an enhanced tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) content, decreased interleukin-10 (IL-10) production, inhibited blood δ-ALA-D activity, increased Pb accumulation, and neuronal loss of rats. In contrast, sesamin treatment improved all the above-mentioned Pb-induced pathological changes.

CONCLUSION: This data suggests that sesamin could improve Pb-induced learning and memory deficits, possibly through amelioration of hippocampal theta and gamma rhythms, modulation of inflammatory status, restoration of the bloodδ-ALA-D activity, reduction of Pb accumulation in the blood and the brain tissues, and prevention of neuronal loss.

Study Type : Animal Study

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