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Abstract Title:

Short-term beetroot juice supplementation improves muscle speed and power but does not reduce blood pressure or oxidative stress in 65-79 y old men and women.

Abstract Source:

Nitric Oxide. 2023 Sep 1 ;138-139:34-41. Epub 2023 May 25. PMID: 37244392

Abstract Author(s):

William S Zoughaib, Richard L Hoffman, Brandon A Yates, Ranjani N Moorthi, Kenneth Lim, Andrew R Coggan

Article Affiliation:

William S Zoughaib

Abstract:

We have previously demonstrated that acute ingestion of inorganic nitrate (NO)-rich beetroot juice (BRJ), a source of nitric oxide (NO) via the NO→nitrite (NO)→NO pathway, can improve muscle speed and power in older individuals. It is not known, however, whether this effect is maintained or perhaps even enhanced with repeated ingestion, or if tolerance develops as with organic nitrates, e.g., nitroglycerin. Using a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover design, we therefore studied 16 community-dwelling older (age 71 ± 5 y) individuals after both acute and short-term (i.e., daily for 2 wk) BRJ supplementation. Blood samples were drawn and blood pressure was measured periodically during each∼3 h experiment, with muscle function determined using isokinetic dynamometry. Acute ingestion of BRJ containing 18.2 ± 6.2 mmol of NOincreased plasma NOand NOconcentrations 23 ± 11 and 2.7 ± 2.1-fold over placebo, respectively. This was accompanied by 5 ± 11% and 7 ± 13% increases in maximal knee extensor speed (Vmax) and power (Pmax), respectively. After daily supplementation for 2 wk, BRJ ingestion elevated NOand NOlevels 24 ± 12 and 3.3 ± 4.0-fold, respectively, whereas Vmax and Pmax were 7 ± 9% and 9 ± 11% higher than baseline. No changes were observed in blood pressure or in plasma markers of oxidative stress with either acute or short-term NOsupplementation. We conclude that both acute and short-term dietary NOsupplementation result in similar improvements in muscle function in older individuals. The magnitudes of these improvements are sufficient to offset the decline resulting from a decade or more of aging and are therefore likely to be clinically significant.

Study Type : Human Study

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