Abstract Title:

The flavonoid silibinin decreases glucose-6-phosphate hydrolysis in perfused rat hepatocytes by an inhibitory effect on glucose-6-phosphatase.

Abstract Source:

Cell Physiol Biochem.2007;20(6):925-34. PMID: 17982275

Abstract Author(s):

Bruno Guigas, Roula Naboulsi, Gloria R Villanueva, Nellie Taleux, José M Lopez-Novoa, Xavier M Leverve, Mohamad-Yehia El-Mir


BACKGROUND/AIMS: The flavonoid silibinin has been reported to be beneficial in several hepatic disorders. Recent evidence also suggests that silibinin could be beneficial in the treatment of type 2 diabetes, owing to its anti-hyperglycemic properties. However, the mechanism(s) underlying these metabolic effects remains unknown. METHODS: The effects of silibinin on liver gluconeogenesis were studied by titrating hepatocytes from starved rats with sub-saturating concentrations of various exogenous substrates in a perifusion system. Hepatocytes from fed rats were also used to investigate glycogenolysis from endogenous glycogen. The effect of silibinin on glucose-6-phosphatase kinetics was determined in intact and permeabilized rat liver microsomes. RESULTS: Silibinin induced a dose-dependent inhibition of gluconeogenesis associated with a potent decrease in glucose-6-phosphate hydrolysis. This effect was demonstrated whatever the gluconeogenic substrates used, i.e. dihydroxyacetone, lactate/pyruvate, glycerol and fructose. In addition, silibinin decreased the glucagon-induced stimulation of both gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis, this being associated with a reduction of glucose-6-phosphate hydrolysis. Silibinin inhibits glucose-6-phosphatase in rat liver microsomes in a concentration-dependent manner that could explain the decrease in glucose-6-phosphate hydrolysis seen in intact cells. CONCLUSION: The inhibitory effect of silibinin on both hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase and gluconeogenesis suggests that its use may be interesting in treatment of type 2 diabetes. 

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.