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Abstract Title:

Sinomenine alleviates dorsal root ganglia inflammation to inhibit neuropathic pain via the p38 MAPK/CREB signalling pathway.

Abstract Source:

Eur J Pharmacol. 2021 Apr 15 ;897:173945. Epub 2021 Feb 14. PMID: 33596416

Abstract Author(s):

Xiaoqing Wang, Yatao Liu, Hong Zhang, Jianping Jin, Yuqing Ma, Yufang Leng

Article Affiliation:

Xiaoqing Wang

Abstract:

The objective of study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of sinomenine on neuropathic pain on dorsal root ganglia (DRG). The DRG cell line and spinal nerve ligation (SNL) model were used in this study. The effect of sinomenine on the cell viability was examined by MTT assay. The expression of p38 MAPK, NF-κB, c-fos, SP and TNF-α was detected by using immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry assay. We also assessed the level of p-CaMKII, COX-2, p-CREB, IL-17A, TLR4 and IL-1β via western blotting and RT-qPCR. Compared to the controls, sinomenine showed a protective effect on TNF-α-induced apoptosis on DRG cells in a dose-dependent manner, with an increase of cell viability and a decrease of reactive oxygen species level as well as LDH release. Parallelly, sinomenine treatment significantly reduced the expression of various factors related to stress and inflammation, including p38 MAPK, NF-κB, c-fos, p-CAMKII, COX-2, p-CREB, TLR4 and IL-17A in DRG cells in vitro. Furthermore, we found that administration of sinomenine significantly reduced mechanical withdrawal threshold and thermal withdrawal latency and inhibited the inflammation and activation of p38 signaling in SNL rats. It is noting that combined therapy of sinomenine and pulsed radiofrequency exhibited higher efficacy of dorsal root ganglia inflammation than single treatment as well as the combination of oxycodone and pulsed radiofrequency. Sinomenine inhibited the apoptosis of DRG cell by regulating p38 MAPK/CREB signalling pathway, which provides evidence to alleviate neuropathic pain in clinic.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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