Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Sinomenine Induces G1-Phase Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis in Malignant Glioma Cells Via Downregulation of Sirtuin 1 and Induction of p53 Acetylation.

Abstract Source:

Technol Cancer Res Treat. 2018 01 1 ;17:1533034618770305. PMID: 29756546

Abstract Author(s):

Xiaoyan He, Mayinur Maimaiti, Yan Jiao, Xuegang Meng, Hongyan Li

Article Affiliation:

Xiaoyan He


Sinomenine, a bioactive alkaloid isolated from the traditional Chinese herb Sinomenium acutum, possesses antiinflammatory, antinociceptive, antifibrotic, and antitumorigenic properties. In this work, we sought to explore the biological effects of sinomenine on glioma cells. It was found that sinomenine caused a concentration-dependent inhibition of viability in both U87 and U251 glioma cells. Sinomenine at 16μmol/L caused 55% to 60% reduction in the proliferation of U87 and U251 cells. Moreover, sinomenine treatment induced a G0/G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Mechanistically, sinomenine promoted p53 expression and acetylation and reduced the expression of sirtuin 1. Ectopic expression of sirtuin 1significantly prevented sinomenine-induced p53 acetylation and growth suppression in glioma cells. Moreover, sinomenine inhibited the growth of U87 xenograft tumors in vivo and raised the p53 protein expression. Collectively, sinomenine shows antiproliferative effects against glioma cells which ismediated through downregulation of sirtuin 1 and induction of p53 activity.

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