Abstract Title:

Combined Effect of Sodium Selenite and Ginsenoside Rh2 on HCT116 Human Colorectal Carcinoma Cells.

Abstract Source:

Arch Iran Med. 2016 Jan ;19(1):23-9. PMID: 26702744

Abstract Author(s):

Changlai Zhu, Fang Liu, Wenbo Qian, Tianyi Zhang, Feng Li

Article Affiliation:

Changlai Zhu


BACKGROUND: Sodium selenite and ginsenoside Rh2 (G-Rh2) are well known for their anticancer properties and have been exploited as a new therapeutic approach. In this study, we are interested to evaluate if sodium selenite and G-Rh2 combination results in a synergistic anticancer effect that could contribute to lower systemic toxicity.

METHODS: We observed the synergistic antitumor effect by combination of sodium selenite and G-Rh2 on HCT-116 human colorectal carcinoma cells in vitro. Cell growth, viability, cell cycle progression and cell apoptosis, Bax/Bcl2 ratio, caspase-3 expression, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and autophagy were evaluated.

RESULTS: The results showed that sodium selenite and G-Rh2 combination have a synergistic effect on cell growth inhibition (57%) compared with sodium selenite (25%) and G-Rh2 alone (28%) after 24 hours of treatment. This combination also induced G1 and S phase arrest simultaneously and increased apoptosis rate. The results also indicated that Bax/Bcl2 ratio and caspase-3 expression, known as proapoptotic factors, were increased in the presence of sodium selenite and G-Rh2 alone. However, combined drug treatment results in a more significant increase in Bax/Bcl2 ratio and caspase-3 expression (P<0.05). In addition, this combination significantly induces a depletion of ROS production and autophagy, compared to control, sodium selenite and G-Rh2 alone (P<0.05).

CONCLUSION: Sodium selenite and ginsenoside Rh2 combination may be a more effective treatment for human colorectal carcinoma and is a promising chemotherapeutic approach for malignant tumors.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.