Solanum nigrum has preventive effect on chemically-induced colitis in mice. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Phytoglycoprotein (150 kDa) isolated from Solanum nigrum Linne has a preventive effect on dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis in A/J mouse.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007 Aug 24;360(2):441-6. Epub 2007 Jun 19. PMID: 18988204
Molecular Biochemistry Laboratory, Biotechnology Research Institute and Center for the Control of Animal Hazards Using Biotechnology (BK21), Chonnam National University, 300 Yongbong-Dong, Gwangju City, 500-757, South Korea.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the preventive effect of glycoprotein (SNL glycoprotein, 150 kDa) isolated from Solanum nigrum Linne fruits on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS, 3%)-induced colitis in A/J mice. To determine the physiological change by SNL glycoprotein, we first evaluated nitric oxide production, lactate dehydrogenase release and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances formation in the mice serum. After that, we tested the activity of inflammation-related signals such as transcriptional factor [nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1)], inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in the mice colon tissues. Our results showed that SNL glycoprotein has a dose-dependent inhibitory effect on nitric oxide production, lactate dehydrogenase release, and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances formation. In the inflammation-related signal, our finding showed that SNL glycoprotein (20 mg kg(-1)) has a suppressive effect on activities of NF-kappaB (p50) and AP-1 (c-Jun), and regulates the expression of iNOS and COX-2 in the downstream of signal pathway. Taken together, the results in this study indicated that SNL glycoprotein has potential for prevention of colitis caused by DSS in A/J mice.