Stable preterm infants gain more weight and sleep less after five days of massage therapy. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Stable preterm infants gain more weight and sleep less after five days of massage therapy.
Arch Intern Med. 2008 Nov 24;168(21):2311-6. PMID: 12904452
Touch Research Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine, USA. email@example.com
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of 5 days of massage therapy on the weight gain and sleep/wake behavior of hospitalized stable preterm infants. METHODS: Massage therapy (body stroking/passive limb movement for three 15-minute periods per day) was provided to 16 preterm neonates (mean gestational age, 30.1 weeks; mean birth weight, 1359 g), and their weight gain, formula intake, kilocalories, stooling, and sleep/wake behavior were compared with a group of 16 control infants (mean gestational age, 31.1 weeks; mean birth weight, 1421 g). RESULTS: The massage group averaged 53% greater daily weight gain than the control group. The massage group spent less time sleeping at the end of 5 treatment days than the control group and more time in the drowsy state. CONCLUSIONS: Healthy, low-risk preterm infants gained more weight and slept less with just 5 days of massage, in contrast to 10 days in previous studies. Results support the continued use of massage as a cost-effective therapy for medically stable preterm infants.