Stannous chloride (tin) causes DNA damage through the generation of reactive oxygen species. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Stannous chloride mediates single strand breaks in plasmid DNA through reactive oxygen species formation.
Toxicol Lett. 1999 Nov 22;110(3):129-36. PMID: 10597023
Departamento de Biofisica e Biometria, Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcântara Gomes, UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Stannous ion (Sn) has been employed in nuclear medicine and in food industry. We described that Stannous Chloride (SnCl2) inactivation effect in Escherichia coli is mediated by a Fenton-like reaction. The effect of SnCl2 was studied through: (i) the alteration of plasmid topology in neutral and acidic pH by gel electrophoresis; and (ii) the transformation efficiency of an wild type E. coli strain. Treatment of plasmid DNA pUC 9.1 with SnCl2, at pH 7.4, results in DNA single-strand breaks (SSB), in a dose-dependent manner. Addition of sodium benzoate partly inhibited the DNA damage, while EDTA completely abolishes DNA-SSB. Furthermore, the ability of the plasmid to transform E. coli was reduced. At pH 1.3, SnCl2 exerts a protective effect on plasmid against HCI depurination. Our results suggest the generation of ROS, such as *OH by a Fenton-like reaction, close to the site of the lesions due to a possible complexation of stannous ion to DNA.