[Aggravating factors of rosacea].
Przegl Lek. 2008;65(4):180-3. PMID: 18724544
Rosacea is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease which is mainly localized in the central region of the face. Papules and pustules appear on the erythematic ground. Rosacea is common in population. Four subtypes of rosacea (erythematoteleangiectatic rosacea, ETR; papulo - pustular rosacea, PPR; ocular rosacea and phymatous rosacea) are classified (according to current classification) and one variant rosacea (granulomatous rosacea, GR). It is considered that an attempt to determine of triggering factors of rosacea should be the first step to treatment. Then it should be tried to eliminate contact with them. The aim of this study was an analysis of triggering factors of rosacea. 43 women and 26 men treated in the Dermatology Outpatient's Clinic of Jagiellonian University School of Medicine in Cracow were enrolled in the study. All patients were asked which factors trigger skin changes according to them. Patients mentioned most often: stress (58 percent), sun exposure (56.5 per. cent), alcohol (33.3 percent), exercise (29 percent), drinking coffee (21.7 percent) and hot meals (20.3 percent). They regarded the sun as the most strongly aggravating factor of rosacea (29.2 percent). It seems, that elimination and reduction of contact with aggravating factors is still an undervalued aspect of rosacea's treatment. Patients' motivation for use of prevention seems to be also very important. Knowledge about aggravating factors of rosacea, coming directly from patients' observations, may help in more effective treatment.