Abstract Title:

Elevated in vivo strontium-90 from nuclear weapons test fallout among cancer decedents: a case-control study of deciduous teeth.

Abstract Source:

Int J Health Serv. 2011;41(1):137-58. PMID: 21319726

Abstract Author(s):

Joseph J Mangano, Janette D Sherman

Article Affiliation:

Radiation and Public Health Project, New York, USA. [email protected]


Risks to health from large-scale atmospheric nuclear weapons testing are still relatively unknown. A sample of 85,000 deciduous teeth collected from Americans born during the bomb-testing years assessed risk by in vivo measurement of residual strontium-90 (Sr-90) concentrations, using liquid scintillation spectrometry. The authors' analysis included 97 deciduous teeth from persons born between 1959 and 1961 who were diagrosed with cancer, and 194 teeth of matched controls. Average Sr-90 in teeth of persons who died of cancer was significantly greater than for controls (OR = 2.22; p<0.04). This discovery suggests that many thousands have died or will die of cancer due to exposure to fallout, far more than previously believed.

Study Type : Human Study

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