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Abstract Title:

Structure-activity insights of harmine targeting DNA, ROS inducing cytotoxicity with PARP mediated apoptosis against cervical cancer, anti-biofilm formation andtherapeutic study.

Abstract Source:

J Biomol Struct Dyn. 2021 Jan 22:1-23. Epub 2021 Jan 22. PMID: 33480316

Abstract Author(s):

Sarita Sarkar, Prosun Tribedi, Kakali Bhadra

Article Affiliation:

Sarita Sarkar

Abstract:

Harmine exhibits pH dependent structural equilibrium and possesses numerous biological and pharmacological activities. Mode and mechanism of DNA binding and its cytotoxicity were studied by multiple spectroscopic, calorimetric, molecular docking andapoptotic as well asbiochemical and histological studies. It exists as cationic (structure I) and decationic form (structure II) in the pH range 3.0-7.8 and 8.5-12.4, respectively, with a pof 8.0. Structure I at pH 6.8 binds strongly to DNA with a cooperative mode of binding of1.03 × 10Mand stoichiometry of 5.0 nucleotide phosphates. Structure I stabilized DNA by 10 °C, showed85%quenching of fluorescence intensity, perturbation in circular dichroism, partial intercalation and enthalpy driven exothermic binding. While, structure II at pH 8.5 has very weak interaction with CT DNA. Cytotoxic potencies of structure I was tested on four different cancer cell lines along with normal embryonic cell. It showed maximum cytotoxicity with GIof 20 µM, against HeLa causing several apoptotic induction abilities. Harmine exhibited G2M arrest with ROS induced effective role in PARP mediated apoptosis as well as anti-inflammatory action on HeLa cells. Harmine further presented MIC and antibiofilm activity againstin presence of<160 and 30 µg/ml, respectively. Mice with post harmine treatment (30 mg/kg b.w., I.P.) showed maximum recovery from damaged to near normal architecture of cervical epithelial cells. This study may be of prospective use in a framework to design novel beta carboline compounds for improved therapeutic applications in future against cervical cancer. HighlightsHarmine exists in structure I and structure II forms in the pH 6.8 and 8.5with a pof 8.0.Structure I at pH 6.8 binds strongly to DNA compared to structure II.Structure I showed maximum cytotoxicity with GIof 20µM against HeLa.ROS mediated cytotoxicitywithG2M arrest with PARP mediated apoptosis was studied.Harmine (30µg/ml) exhibited antibiofilm activity against.Post harmine dose (30 mg/kg b.w., I.P.) in mice showed recovery of cervical epithelial cells.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

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