Abstract Title:

Non-live pentavalent vaccines after live measles vaccine may increase mortality.

Abstract Source:

Vaccine. 2018 10 1 ;36(41):6039-6042. Epub 2018 Sep 5. PMID: 30195487

Abstract Author(s):

Ane Bærent Fisker, Sanne Marie Thysen

Article Affiliation:

Ane Bærent Fisker


Live measles vaccine (MV) may have beneficial off-target/non-specific effects (NSEs) reducing child mortality beyond prevention of measles infection. In contrast, the non-live pentavalent (Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis-H. influenzae Type B-Hepatitis B) vaccine has no beneficial NSEs. The NSEs are strongest for the most recent vaccine. Hence, sequence of vaccination may affect survival. In Guinea-Bissau, we followed 7094 measles-vaccinated children prospectively from first home visit after 9 months (when MV is scheduled) to 5 years of age. We compared survival by sequence of MV and third Pentavalent vaccine (Penta3; scheduled at 3½ months) in Cox proportional-hazards models. Compared with being vaccinated in-sequence (Penta3-then-MV), having received out-of-sequence Penta3-after-MV before the visit was associated with an adjusted Hazard Ratio (aHR) of 1.19 (95%CI: 0.84-1.69); Receiving missing Penta doses on the visit date tended to be associated with higher mortality (aHR = 1.87 (0.96-3.65)) while not receiving missing doses of Penta was not (aHR = 0.93 (0.57-1.54)), test for interaction p = 0.09.

Study Type : Human Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.