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Abstract Title:

Effect of Hesperidin against Induced Colon Cancer in Rats: Impact of Smad4 and Activin A Signaling Pathway.

Abstract Source:

Nutr Cancer. 2021 Apr 5:1-18. Epub 2021 Apr 5. PMID: 33818196

Abstract Author(s):

Sahar E M El-Deek, Sary K H Abd-Elghaffar, Randa S Hna, Heba G Mohamed, Heba E M El-Deek

Article Affiliation:

Sahar E M El-Deek

Abstract:

SCOPE: To evaluate the chemopreventive efficacy of hesperidin (Hsd) in 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-induced colorectal cancer (CRC) and demonstrate its role in mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 4(Smad4) and activin A signaling pathways.

METHODS AND RESULTS: A CRC rat model was established by DMH exposure, and the animals were randomly divided into five groups: Control group, Hsd, DMH, DMH + Hsd, and DMH followed by Hsd. The resected colon was subjected to macroscopic, microscopic, molecular, histopathological, and immunohistochemical examination. Activin A, Smad4, malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), reduced glutathione (GSH), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels in tissues were also measured. The DMH group exhibited a significant increase in the gene and protein expression of activin A as well as MDA and NO levels in tissues. There was a significant reduction in the gene and protein expression of Smad4 as well as GSH and SOD levels in tissues. Administration of Hsdsignificantly upregulated Smad4 and activin A gene expressions in both the DMH + Hsd and DMH followed by Hsd groups. Moreover, Hsd improved the antioxidant status of the former two groups.

CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated the chemopreventive effect of Hsd against CRC by modulating Smad4 and activin A signaling in vivo. Further studies are needed to demonstrate its clinical value and explore its possible role in advanced malignancy.

Study Type : Animal Study
Additional Links
Pharmacological Actions : Chemopreventive : CK(5374) : AC(1717)

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Sayer Ji
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