The protective effects of melatonin on survival, immune response, digestive enzymes activities and intestinal microbiota diversity in Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) exposed to glyphosate.
Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2020 Aug 7:108845. Epub 2020 Aug 7. PMID: 32777465
Glyphosate is one of the most widely used pesticides, which can cause toxicity to aquatic animals. In this study, the survival rate, immune response, digestive enzyme activities, and the intestinal microbiota diversity of Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) were evaluated after 14 days of exposure to glyphosate (48.945 mg/L from 50% 96 h LCvalue) and melatonin feeding (80 mg/kg). The results showed that MT significantly improved the survival rate, antibacterial capacity of E. sinensis (P < 0.05). After exposure to glyphosate, the expression of Hsp60, Hsp70 and Hsp90 in cranial ganglia and thoracic ganglia was decreased significantly, but MT significantly raised the expression of these proteins (P < 0.05). Glyphosate significantly decreased lipase activity compared with the control group (P < 0.05), while melatonin significantly increased the lipase, amylase and trypsin activities (P < 0.05). Melatonin significantly increased the Chao1 and Shannon index and the relative abundance of Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes (P < 0.05). This study shows that melatonin has a protective effect on the glyphosate exposed E. sinensis.