Sublethal paraquat confers multidrug tolerance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Sublethal Paraquat Confers Multidrug Tolerance inby Inducing Superoxide Dismutase Activity and Lowering Envelope Permeability.
Front Microbiol. 2020 ;11:576708. Epub 2020 Sep 25. PMID: 33101252
Stressors and environmental cues shape the physiological state of bacteria, and thus how they subsequently respond to antibiotic toxicity. To understand how superoxide stress can modulate survival to bactericidal antibiotics, we examined the effect of intracellular superoxide generators, paraquat and menadione, on stationary-phase antibiotic tolerance of the opportunistic pathogen,. We tested how pre-challenge with sublethal paraquat and menadione alters the tolerance to ofloxacin and meropenem in wild-typeand mutants lacking superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity (), the paraquat responsive regulator, (p)ppGpp signaling (mutant), or the alternative sigma factor. We confirmed that loss of SOD activity impairs ofloxacin and meropenem tolerance in stationary phase cells, and found that sublethal superoxide generators induce drug tolerance by stimulating SOD activity. This response is rapid, requiresprotein synthesis, and is RpoS-dependent but does not require (p)ppGpp signaling nor SoxR. We further showed that pre-challenge with sublethal paraquat induces a SOD-dependent reduction in cell-envelope permeability and ofloxacin penetration. Our results highlight a novel mechanism of hormetic protection by superoxide generators, which may have important implications for stress-induced antibiotic tolerance incells.