Abstract Title:

Suppression of glutathione S-transferases potentiates the cytotoxic effect of phenethyl isothiocyanate in cholangiocarcinoma cells.

Abstract Source:

Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2018 Apr 17. Epub 2018 Apr 17. PMID: 29666895

Abstract Author(s):

Ornanong Tusskorn, Tueanjai Khunluck, Auemduan Prawan, Laddawan Senggunprai, Upa Kukongviriyapan, Veerapol Kukongviriyapan

Article Affiliation:

Ornanong Tusskorn


Phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC) is a potential cancer prevention agent that is found in cruciferous vegetables. Previous studies have shown that the effect of PEITC-induced cell death declines rapidly after administration. The metabolic fate of PEITC is modulated by glutathione S-transferases (GST). In this study, we investigated whether GST activity modulates PEITC-induced cytotoxicity on cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) cells. The sensitivity of KKU-M214 and KKU-100 cells to PEITC was associated with GST activity. Two GST inhibitors, ethacrynic acid (EA) and cibacron blue, potentiated the cytotoxic effect of PEITC in CCA cells. PEITC-induced glutathione (GSH) depletion and redox stress, whereas EA itself or in combination with PEITC did not alter GSH redox status. The enhanced cytotoxic effect of EA may be due to inhibition of GST activity. This idea was validated by using siRNA directed against GSTP1 mRNA in KKU-M214 cells, and GSTP1 and GSTT1 mRNA in KKU-100 cells. These GST isoforms were abundantly expressed in the cell lines. Knockdown of GSTs in CCA cell lines potentiated the cytotoxic effect of PEITC. The present study shows that the antitumor effect of PEITC was potentiated by the suppression of GST activity. The inhibition of GST could be a crucial strategy to potentiate chemotherapeutic effect of PEITC on CCA.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.