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Abstract Title:

Effect of simplified Tai Chi exercise on relieving symptoms of patients with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease.

Abstract Source:

J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2019 Oct 25. Epub 2019 Oct 25. PMID: 31665879

Abstract Author(s):

Mingjin Zhu, Yonghua Zhang, Jiafei Pan, Changyong Fu, Yaqun Wang

Article Affiliation:

Mingjin Zhu

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Tai Chi, a kind of physical exercise, may act as a non-pharmacologic approach to reducing the symptoms of Parkinson's disease. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of simplified Tai Chi training plus routine exercise on motor and non-motor symptoms in patients with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease in comparison with routine exercise regimen alone.

METHODS: 41 outpatients and inpatients with Parkinson's disease (PD) were randomized into Tai Chi group (n=19) and routine exercise group as control group (n=22) for 12 weeks. The Tai Chi group included both Tai Chi traning and routine exercise. Motor and non-motor functions were assessed. Motor function was evaluated by Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale part III (UPDRS-III) and Berg Balance Scale (BBS). The non-motor symptoms like quality of life, sleep quality, depression and anxiety state, cognitive function were assessed by Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire-39 (PDQ-39), Parkinson's Disease Sleep Scale (PDSS), Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA) respectively.

RESULTS: After 12 weeks of intervention, participants in both Tai Chi and routine exercise groups gained effects in UPDRS-III, BBS, PDQ-39, PDSS and HAMD compared to the baseline. However, significant improvements between Tai Chi group and routine exercise group were only found in PDSS (P=0.029) and MoCA (P=0.024).

CONCLUSIONS: Tai Chi training plus routine exercise might therefore be an ideal alternative non-pharmacological approach for the motor and non-motor symptoms of PD patients, and especially be more useful for the improvement of sleep quality and cognitive function in Parkinson's disease compared with routine exercise regimen alone.

Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Tai Chi : CK(1327) : AC(122)

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Sayer Ji
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