Abstract Title:

Formation of tamoxifen-DNA adducts in multiple organs of adult female cynomolgus monkeys dosed with tamoxifen for 30 days.

Abstract Source:

Cancer Res. 2003 Sep 15;63(18):5999-6003. PMID: 14522927

Abstract Author(s):

Laura J Schild, Rao L Divi, Frederick A Beland, Mona I Churchwell, Daniel R Doerge, Gonçalo Gamboa da Costa, M Matilde Marques, Miriam C Poirier

Article Affiliation:

Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-4255, USA.


The use of the antiestrogen tamoxifen (TAM) is associated with an increase in endometrial cancer. TAM-induced endometrial carcinogenesis may proceed through a genotoxin-mediated pathway, although the detection of endometrial TAM-DNA adducts in exposed women is still controversial. In this study, a monkey model has been used to investigate the question of TAM-DNA adduct formation in primates. Two methods have been used to determine TAM-DNA adducts: a TAM-DNA chemiluminescence immunoassay (TAM-DNA CIA), using an antiserum that has specificity for (E)-alpha-(deoxyguanosin-N(2)-yl)-tamoxifen (dG-TAM) and (E)-alpha-(deoxyguanosin-N(2)-yl)-N-desmethyltamoxifen (dG-desmethyl-TAM) and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ES-MS/MS) coupled with on-line sample preparation and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Mature (19 year old) cynomolgus monkeys were given either vehicle control (n = 1) or TAM (n = 3) twice daily for a total dose of 2 mg of TAM/kg body weight (bw)/day for 30 days by naso-gastric intubation. Tissues were harvested, and DNA was isolated from uterus, ovary, liver, brain cortex, and kidney. By TAM-DNA CIA, values for uterine TAM-DNA adducts in two monkeys were 0.9 and 1.7 adducts/10(8) nucleotides, whereas values for ovarian TAM-DNA adducts in the same animals were 0.4 and 0.5 adducts/10(8) nucleotides. Liver, brain cortex, and kidney DNA samples from the three exposed monkeys had TAM-DNA levels of 2.1-4.2 adducts/10(8) nucleotides, 0.4-5.0 adducts/10(8) nucleotides, and 0.7-2.1 adducts/10(8) nucleotides, respectively. By HPLC-ES-MS/MS, the levels of TAM-DNA adducts detected in all tissues were comparable with those observed by TAM-DNA CIA. Thus, values for uterine TAM-DNA adducts ranged from 0.5 to 1.4 adducts/10(8) nucleotides, whereas values for ovarian TAM-DNA adducts, measurable in two monkeys, were 0.2 and 0.3 adducts/10(8) nucleotides. Liver DNA contained the highest TAM-DNA adduct levels (7.0-11.1 adducts/10(8) nucleotides), whereas brain cortex DNA contained lower adduct levels (0.6-4.8 adducts/10(8) nucleotides) and the lowest levels were measured in the kidney (0.2-0.4 adducts/10(8) nucleotides). This study indicates that cynomolgus monkeys are capable of metabolizing TAM to genotoxic intermediates that form TAM-DNA adducts in multiple tissues.

Study Type : Animal Study
Additional Links
Problem Substances : Tamoxifen : CK(401) : AC(68)
Adverse Pharmacological Actions : Genotoxic : CK(540) : AC(179)

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.