Tangeretin may have a potent chemopreventive effect in skin cancer. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Tangeretin reduces ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression in mouse epidermal cells by blocking mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation.
J Agric Food Chem. 2011 Jan 12 ;59(1):222-8. Epub 2010 Dec 2. PMID: 21126077
Ji Hye Yoon
The present study examined the effects of tangeretin, a polymethoxylated flavonone present in citrus fruits, on ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in JB6 P+ mouse skin epidermal cells. Tangeretin suppressed UVB-induced COX-2 expression and transactivation of nuclear factor-κB and activator protein-1 in JB6 P+ cells. Moreover, tangeretin blocked UVB-induced phosphorylation of Akt and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), including extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase, c-Jun N-terminal kinase, and p38, and attenuated the phosphorylation of MAPK kinases 1/2, 3/6, and 4. Tangeretin also limited the endogenous generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), thereby protecting the cells against oxidative stress. However, tangeretin did not scavenge the stable 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical and influence the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase activity. These results suggest that the anti-inflammatory effects of tangeretin stem from its modulation of cell signaling and suppression of intracellular ROS generation. Tangeretin may have a potent chemopreventive effect in skin cancer.