Abstract Title:

Tanshinone IIA Ameliorate Coxsackie Virus B3-Induced Viral Myocarditis through the Inhibition of Inflammation and Modulation T Helper 1/T Helper 2 Balance in Mice.

Abstract Source:

Pharmacology. 2019 ;103(3-4):136-142. Epub 2019 Jan 2. PMID: 30602153

Abstract Author(s):

Guizhen Guo, Qing Zhao, Qinghua Wang, Enze Li

Article Affiliation:

Guizhen Guo


To investigate the effect of Tanshinone IIA (TSA) on viral myocarditis (VMC). VMC animal model was established using BALB/c mice by intraperitoneally injecting Coxsackie virus B3 (CVB3). The mice were randomly divided into control group, model group, and TSA group. We detected the survival rate, the heart weight to body weight (HW/BW) ratio and hemodynamic and cardiac function parameters. The pathological features of VMC were measured through H&E staining. The expression of serum enzyme, inflammatory cytokines, and T helper (Th)1/Th2 markers was also investigated. TSA remarkably alleviated CVB3-caused myocardial injury, decreased the HW/BW ratio, and improved survival rate. TSA obviously improved hemodynamic parameters and reversed the damage to the heart pump function. Furthermore, the serum levels of lactate dehydrogenase, creatine kinase, and Th1 cytokines in the TSA group were significantly lower than those in the VMC group, and TSA treatment significantly improved the pathological condition. The interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) levels in VMC model group was higher than control group, and lower levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were identified. However, TSA treatment elevated IL-4 and IL-10 levels and decreased IFN-γ and IL-2 levels. TSA could effectively protect the myocardium against CVB3-induced myocarditis by the inhibition of inflammation and modulation Th1/Th2 balance in mice.

Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.