Abstract Title:

Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Taraxasterol on LPS-Stimulated Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells.

Abstract Source:

Inflammation. 2018 Oct ;41(5):1755-1761. PMID: 29951871

Abstract Author(s):

Feng Zheng, Xiaomeng Dong, Xiangzhu Meng

Article Affiliation:

Feng Zheng


In the present study, we used the human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects and mechanism of taraxasterol on vascular inflammation. HUVECs were pre-treated with taraxasterol 1 h before lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment. The concentrations of TNF-α, IL-8, PGE2, and NO were measured. The expression of VCAM-1, ICAM-1, iNOS, COX-2, NF-κB, and LXRα was detected by western blot analysis. The results showed that taraxasterol not only reduced the production of TNF-α, IL-8,PGE2, and NO induced by LPS, but also reduced the expression of iNOS and COX-2. Taraxasterol also suppressed LPS-induced NF-κB activation and VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression. Furthermore, taraxasterol concentration-dependently increased the expression of LXRα. The inhibition of taraxasterol on TNF-α, IL-8, PGE2, and NO production can be reversed by geranylgeranyl diphosphate (GGPP, the LXRα inhibitor). Here, we found that taraxasterol inhibited vascular inflammation through activating LXRα.

Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.