Tetrahydrocurcumin protects against spinal cord injury and inhibits the oxidative stress response by regulating FOXO4 in model rats.
Exp Ther Med. 2019 Nov ;18(5):3681-3687. Epub 2019 Sep 5. PMID: 31602247
It has been reported that tetrahydrocurcumin has hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic, anti-metastasis, anticancer and anti-depressant pharmacological effects, and its antioxidative, hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic properties are better than those of curcumin. The present study assessed whether tetrahydrocurcumin exerts a neuroprotective effect against spinal cord injury (SCI) and investigated the underlying mechanisms. In a rat model of SCI, tetrahydrocurcumin enhanced the average Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan scores, inhibited water accumulation in the spinal cord and decreased inflammatory factors. Furthermore, oxidative stress and apoptosis (caspase-3 activity and B-cell lymphoma 2-associated X protein levels) were also suppressed in SCI rats treated with tetrahydrocurcumin. Tetrahydrocurcumin effectively decreased the gene expression of matrix metalloproteinase-3 and -13, as well as cyclooxygenase-2, promoted the phosphorylation of Akt and enhanced the protein expression of forkhead box (FOX)O4 in SCI rats. The present study delineates that tetrahydrocurcumin protects against SCI and inhibits the oxidative stress response by regulating the FOXO4 in SCI model rats.