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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

The Therapeutic Role of Ketogenic Diet in Neurological Disorders.

Abstract Source:

Nutrients. 2022 May 6 ;14(9). Epub 2022 May 6. PMID: 35565918

Abstract Author(s):

Diana Pietrzak, Kamila Kasperek, Paweł Rękawek, Iwona Piątkowska-Chmiel

Article Affiliation:

Diana Pietrzak

Abstract:

The ketogenic diet (KD) is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate and adequate-protein diet that has gained popularity in recent years in the context of neurological diseases (NDs). The complexity of the pathogenesis of these diseases means that effective forms of treatment are still lacking. Conventional therapy is often associated with increasing tolerance and/or drug resistance. Consequently, more effective therapeutic strategies are being sought to increase the effectiveness of available forms of therapy and improve the quality of life of patients. For the moment, it seems that KD can provide therapeutic benefits in patients with neurological problems by effectively controlling the balance between pro- and antioxidant processes and pro-excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters, and modulating inflammation or changing the composition of the gut microbiome. In this review we evaluated the potential therapeutic efficacy of KD in epilepsy, depression, migraine, Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. In our opinion, KD should be considered as an adjuvant therapeutic option for some neurological diseases.

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