Paeonol Inhibits Pancreatic Cancer Cell Migration and Invasion Through the Inhibition of TGF-β1/Smad Signaling and Epithelial-Mesenchymal-Transition.
Cancer Manag Res. 2020 ;12:641-651. Epub 2020 Jan 29. PMID: 32099461
Purpose: Paeonol, a natural product derived from the root of(Bunge) K. Schum and the root ofAndr. (Ranunculaceae) has attracted extensive attention for its anti-cancer proliferation effect in recent years. The present study examined the role of paeonol in suppressing migration and invasion in pancreatic cancer cells by inhibiting TGF-β1/Smad signaling.
Methods: Cell viability was evaluated by MTT and colonial formation assay. Migration and invasion capabilities were examined by cell scratch-wound healing assay and the Boyden chamber invasion assay. Western Blot and qRT-PCR were used to measure the protein and RNA levels of vimentin, E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and TGF-β1/Smad signaling.
Results: At non-cytotoxic dose, 100μΜ and 150 μΜ of paeonol showed significant anti-migration and anti-invasion effects on Panc-1 and Capan-1 cells (p<0.01). Paeonol inhibited epithelial-mesenchymal-transition by upregulating E-cadherin, and down regulating N-cadherin and vimentin expressions. Paeonol inhibited TGF-β1/Smad signaling pathway by downregulating TGF-β1, p-Smad2/Smad2 and p-Smad3/Smad3 expressions. Further, TGF-β1 attenuated the anti-migration and anti-invasion capacities of paeonol in Panc-1 and Capan-1 cells.
Conclusion: These findings revealed that paeonol could suppress proliferation and inhibit migration and invasion in Panc-1 and Capan-1 cells by inhibiting the TGF-β1/Smad pathway and might be a promising novel anti-pancreatic cancer drug.