Abstract Title:

Naringenin ameliorates inflammation and cell proliferation in benzo(a)pyrene induced pulmonary carcinogenesis by modulating CYP1A1, NFκB and PCNA expression.

Abstract Source:

Int Immunopharmacol. 2015 Dec 4 ;30:102-110. Epub 2015 Dec 4. PMID: 26655880

Abstract Author(s):

Lakshmi Narendra Bodduluru, Eshvendar Reddy Kasala, Rajaram Mohanrao Madhana, Chandana C Barua, Md Iftikar Hussain, Prakash Haloi, Probodh Borah

Article Affiliation:

Lakshmi Narendra Bodduluru


Lung cancer is the major cause of cancer-related mortality and is a growing economic burden worldwide. Chemoprevention has emerged as a very effective preventive measure against carcinogenesis and several bioactive compounds in diet have shown their cancer curative potential on lung cancer. Naringenin (NRG), a predominant flavanone found in citrus fruits has been reported to possess anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activity in a wide variety of cancer. The aim of the present study is to divulge the chemopreventive nature of NRG against benzo(a)pyrene (B[a]P) induced lung carcinogenesis in Swiss albino mice. Administration of B[a]P (50mg/kg, p.o.) to mice resulted in increased lipid peroxidation (LPO), proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β) with subsequent decrease in activities of tissue enzymic antioxidants (SOD, CAT, GPx, GR, GST) and non-enzymic antioxidants (GSH and Vit-C). Treatment with NRG (50mg/kg body weight) significantly counteracted all these alterations thereby showing potent anti-cancer effect in lung cancer. Moreover, assessment of protein expression by immunoblotting and mRNA expression by RT-PCR revealed that NRG treatment effectively negates B[a]P-induced upregulated expression of CYP1A1, PCNA and NF-κB. Further, the antiproliferative effect of NRG was confirmed by histopathological analysis and PCNA immunostaining in B[a]P induced mice which showed increased PCNA expression that was restored upon NRG administration. Overall, these findings substantiate the chemopreventive potential of NRG against chemically induced lung cancer in mice.

Study Type : Animal Study

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