Reactive oxygen species mediate oridonin-induced apoptosis through DNA damage response and activation of JNK pathway in diffuse large B cell lymphoma.
Leuk Lymphoma. 2016 ;57(4):888-98. Epub 2015 Nov 1. PMID: 26415087
This study investigated the cytotoxic effect of oridonin (ORI), a diterpenoid isolated from Rabdosia rubescens, in human diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in vitro and in vivo and the potential molecular mechanisms for ORI-induced cell apoptosis. ORI treatment caused reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated oxidative DNA damage response (DDR) and the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway activation, leading to an induction of intrinsic apoptosis. ROS abolition blocked ORI-induced apoptosis and attenuated the expression of phospho-histone H2AX and phospho-JNK, indicating that ROS-mediated DNA damage and JNK pathway activation were involved in ORI-induced apoptosis. The systemic administration of ORI suppressed the growth of human DLBCL xenografts without showing significant toxicity. These findings suggest that ORI may have promising therapeutic application in DLBCL.