Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Hepatoprotective effect of 20(S)-ginsenosides Rg3 and its metabolite 20(S)-ginsenoside Rh2 on tert-butyl hydroperoxide-induced liver injury.

Abstract Source:

Biol Pharm Bull. 2005 Oct ;28(10):1992-4. PMID: 16204963

Abstract Author(s):

Hae-Ung Lee, Eun-Ah Bae, Myung Joo Han, Dong-Hyun Kim

Article Affiliation:

Hae-Ung Lee


To evaluate the hepatoprotective effect of Red Ginseng (RG), we isolated a main constituent 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3 from RG, and its metabolite 20(S)-ginsenoside Rh2 by human intestinal microflora, and investigated their hepatoprotective activities in tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced hepatotoxicity of HepG2 cells and mice. When HepG2 cells were treated with t-BHP, its cytotoxicity was significantly increased. 20(S)-Ginsenoside Rh2 potently protected its cytotoxicity, but 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3 weakly protected it. Intraperitoneally and orally administered 20(S)-ginsenoside Rh2 to t-BHP-injured mice significantly inhibited the increase of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activities. Orally administered 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3 also showed the inhibition against the increase of ALT and AST of t-BHP-induced mice. However, intraperitoneally administered 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3 could not inhibit the elevation of serum ALT and AST activities. These results suggest that 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3 a main component of RG may be a prodrug for hepatotoxicity.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.