Gallic acid improves cardiac dysfunction and fibrosis in pressure overload-induced heart failure.
Sci Rep. 2018 Jun 18 ;8(1):9302. Epub 2018 Jun 18. PMID: 29915390
Gallic acid is a trihydroxybenzoic acid found in tea leaves and some plants. Here, we report the effect of gallic acid on cardiac dysfunction and fibrosis in a mouse model of pressure overload-induced heart failure and in primary rat cardiac fibroblasts, and compare the effects of gallic acid with those of drugs used in clinics. Gallic acid reduces cardiac hypertrophy, dysfunction, and fibrosis induced by transverse aortic constriction (TAC) stimuli in vivo and transforming growth factorβ1 (TGF-β1) in vitro. It decreases left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic diameter, and recovers the reduced fractional shortening in TAC. In addition, it suppresses the expression of atrial natriuretic peptide, brain natriuretic peptide, skeletal α-actin, and β-myosin heavy chain. Administration of gallic acid decreases perivascular fibrosis, as determined by Trichrome II Blue staining, and reduces the expression of collagen type I and connective tissue growth factor. However, administration of losartan, carvedilol, and furosemide does not reduce cardiac dysfunction and fibrosisin TAC. Moreover, treatment with gallic acid inhibits fibrosis-related genes and deposition of collagen type I in TGF-β1-treated cardiac fibroblasts. These results suggest that gallic acid is a therapeutic agent for cardiac dysfunction and fibrosis in chronic heart failure.