These results suggest that tanshinone IIA protects against lung blast injury. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Tanshinone IIA alleviates blast-induced inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis in mice partly by inhibiting the PI3K/Akt/FoxO1 signaling pathway.
Free Radic Biol Med. 2020 Mar 1. Epub 2020 Mar 1. PMID: 32131025
Although Tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA) has been associated with inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis, the effects of Tan IIA on lung blast injury remain uncertain. In this study, we explored the effects of Tan IIA on lung blast injury, studied its possible molecular mechanisms. Fifty C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into the control, blast, blast + Tan IIA, blast + LY294002 (a PI3K inhibitor), or blast + Tan IIA + LY294002 groups. Serum and lung samples were collected 48 h after blast injury. The data showed that Tan IIA significantly inhibited blast-induced increases in the lung weight/body weight and wet/dry (W/D) weight ratios,decreased the CD44and CD163-positive inflammatory cell infiltration in the lungs, reduced the IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6 expression, and enhanced IL-10 expression. Tan IIA also significantly alleviated the increases in MDA5 and IRE-a and the decrease in SOD-1 and reversed the low Bcl-2 expression and the high Bax and Caspase-3 expressions. Additionally, Tan IIA significantly decreased p-PI3K and p-Akt expression and increased p-FoxO1 expression. More importantly, both LY294002 and Tan IIA pretreatment markedly protected against blast-induced inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis in lung blast injury. These results suggest that Tan IIA protects against lung blast injury, which may be partly mediated by inhibiting the PI3K/Akt/FoxO1 signaling pathway.