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Abstract Title:

Thymoquinone ameliorates pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy by activating the AMPK signalling pathway.

Abstract Source:

J Cell Mol Med. 2021 Dec 24. Epub 2021 Dec 24. PMID: 34953026

Abstract Author(s):

Heng Chen, Chengui Zhuo, Aohan Zu, Shuai Yuan, Han Zhang, Jianqiang Zhao, Liangrong Zheng

Article Affiliation:

Heng Chen

Abstract:

Prolonged pathological myocardial hypertrophy leads to end-stage heart failure. Thymoquinone (TQ), a bioactive component extracted from Nigella sativa seeds, is extensively used in ethnomedicine to treat a broad spectrum of disorders. However, it remains unclear whether TQ protects the heart from pathological hypertrophy. This study was conducted to examine the potential utility of TQ for treatment of pathological cardiac hypertrophy and if so, to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. Male C57BL/6J mice underwent either transverse aortic constriction (TAC) or sham operation, followed by TQ treatment for six consecutive weeks. In vitro experiments consisted of neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) that were exposed to phenylephrine (PE) stimulation to induce cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. In this study, we observed that systemic administration of TQ preserved cardiac contractile function, and alleviated cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis and oxidative stress in TAC-challenged mice. The in vitro experiments showed that TQ treatment attenuated the PE-induced hypertrophic response in NRCMs. Mechanistical experiments showed that supplementation of TQ induced reactivation of the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) with concomitant inhibition of ERK 1/2, p38 and JNK1/2 MAPK cascades. Furthermore, we demonstrated that compound C, an AMPK inhibitor, abolished the protective effects of TQ in in vivo and in vitro experiments. Altogether, our study disclosed that TQ provides protection against myocardial hypertrophy in an AMPK-dependent manner and identified it as apromising agent for the treatment of myocardial hypertrophy.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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