[Gastroenterologic pathology and replacement organotherapy in thyroidectomized patients].
Minerva Chir. 1993 Nov;48(21-22):1319-23. PMID: 8152564
Istituti di Clinica Medica Generale, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuoré, Roma.
Thyroid replacement therapy in patients treated by near-total or total thyroidectomy, as well as spontaneous hypothyroidism , can be difficult in patients with alterations in absorption functions or specific gastroenteric diseases. We have studied 25 patients, 22 women and 3 men, 18-72 years old (mean 47 years), affected by spontaneous or post-surgical hypothyroidism, who presented, during the usual replacement therapy, persistently elevated or high-normal TSH levels, and therefore required repeated variations in the prescribed dose of thyroxine. In these patients we evaluated hormone pattern, the presence of autoantibodies (anti-tyroglobulin, anti-Sm, anti-DNA, anti-microsomal antigens, anti-gliadin and anti-parietal cell), and performed an esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) with histological examination. In all patients, plasma TSH ranged from 2.5 to 20 microU/ml. Only 17% of patients exhibited the presence of antibodies against thyroglobulin, 17% of patients had antibodies against microsomal antigens, 6% of patients presented antibodies against nuclear antigens; 4% had against gliadin. Histological examination revealed chronic gastritis (98%) with atrophic aspects (20%) and intestinal metaplasia (28%); and chronic duodenitis (86%) with villus abnormalities (23%) and total villus atrophy (4%). We underline the case of a patient, treated by total thyroidectomy for papillary carcinoma, who presented, two months after starting L-thyroxine therapy, a recurrence of celiac disease, that had been silent after childhood. The EGD showed, at the level of the second duodenal segment, a reduction of number and thickness of mucosal folds; the histological examination showed total villus atrophy, elongated crypts and a dense infiltration of chronic inflammatory cells in the lamina propria. Our experience underlines the frequent association of gastroenteric disease and hypothyroidism.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)