Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Tomatidine Suppresses the Destructive Behaviors of Fibroblast-Like Synoviocytes and Ameliorates Type II Collagen-Induced Arthritis in Rats.

Abstract Source:

Front Pharmacol. 2021 ;12:670707. Epub 2021 Aug 26. PMID: 34512321

Abstract Author(s):

Xiaolu Yu, Junnan Zhou, Fuli Zhao, Xuan Liu, Yuhang Mao, Li Diao, Chuanjun Wen, Mei Liu

Article Affiliation:

Xiaolu Yu


Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) are the prominent non-immune cells in synovium and play a pivotal role in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathogenesis. Searching for natural compounds that may suppress the pathological phenotypes of FLSs is important for the development of RA treatment. Tomatidine (Td), a steroidal alkaloid derived from the solanaceae family, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and immunomodulatory effects. However, its effect on RA remains unknown. Here, we examined the inhibitory effect of Td on TNFα-induced arthritic FLSs, and subsequently investigated its therapeutic effect on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats. Our results revealed that Td significantly inhibited TNFα-induced proliferation and migration of arthritic FLSs. In addition, we found that Td treatment could efficaciously ameliorate synovial inflammation and joint destruction of rats with CIA. Bothandstudies showed that Td significantly suppressed the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines including IL-1β, IL-6 and TNFα, and downregulated the expression of MMP-9 and RANKL. Further molecular mechanism studies revealed that the inhibitory effect of Td on RA might attribute to the decreased activations of MAPKs (ERK and JNK) and NF-κB. These findings provide evidence that Td has the potential to bedeveloped into a complementary or alternative agent for RA therapy.

Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.