Abstract Title:

Total flavonoids of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) improve MC903-induced atopic dermatitis-like lesions.

Abstract Source:

J Ethnopharmacol. 2022 Mar 16 ;292:115195. Epub 2022 Mar 16. PMID: 35306042

Abstract Author(s):

Yajing Gu, Xinxin Wang, Fang Liu, Jin Zhang, Xiufang Zhang, Jiping Liu, Sijia Li, Decheng Wang, Hongquan Guan, Diandong Hou

Article Affiliation:

Yajing Gu


ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) is popularly used as a herbal medicine and food additive in the world. Total flavonoids of Hippophae rhamnoides (TFH) are reported to have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities.

AIM: The effects of TFH on atopic dermatitis (AD)-like lesions induced by MC903 in mice was elucidated in the study.

METHODS: To induce AD-like lesions, MC903 was adopted to apply repeatedly on the left ear in C57BL/6 mice. After induction of AD-like lesions, 0.5% and 1% TFH cream was applied topically on ears of mice once a day for 8 days. The degree of skin lesions was evaluated by macroscopical and histological methods. Expressions of filaggrin (FLG) was evaluated by Western blotting. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was adopted to detect the mRNA expression of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL-4), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in skin lesions. In vitro, Cytokine Antibody Arrays were performed to measure production of cytokines in IFN-γ/TNF-α-treated HaCaT cells, Western blotting was employed to detect the expressions of p-NF-κB, p-ERK and p-P38.

RESULTS: Topical application of TFH significantly improved the severity of dermatitis by inhibiting the infiltration of mast cell, increasing expression of FLG, decreasing the expressions of TNF-α, IL-4, IFN-γ and TSLP in skin lesions. TFH decreased the levels of IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, MCP-3, macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB, thymus and activation regulated chemokine (TARC) in the supernatants of the HaCaT cells treated by IFN-γ/TNF-α. Furthermore, expressions of p-NF-κB, p-ERK and p-P38 were also decreased by TFH administration with dose dependent manner in HaCaT cells treated by IFN-γ/TNF-α.

CONCLUSIONS: Topical application of TFH improved AD-like lesions in mice induced by MC903. Which exerted the effects of anti-inflammation and repairing skin barrier by regulating Th1/Th2 balance. This finding indicates that TFH is a novel potential agent for the external treatment of AD.

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