n/a
Abstract Title:

Relaxant effect of Curcuma longa on rat tracheal smooth muscle and its possible mechanisms.

Abstract Source:

Pharm Biol. 2017 Dec ;55(1):2248-2258. PMID: 29169285

Abstract Author(s):

Bahman Emami, Farzaneh Shakeri, Vahideh Ghorani, Mohammad Hossein Boskabady

Article Affiliation:

Bahman Emami

Abstract:

CONTEXT: Turmeric is a spice obtained from the root of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae) with anti-aging, anticancer, anti-Alzheimer's disease, antioxidant and other medicinal properties.

OBJECTIVE: The relaxant effect of C. longa on rat tracheal smooth muscle and its possible mechanisms were investigated in this study.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The relaxant effects of four cumulative concentrations of hydro-ethanol extract of C. longa (6.25, 12.5, 25, 50 mg/mL) were studied on tracheal smooth muscle precontracted by methacholine or KCl in non-incubated or incubated with different substances including propranolol, diltiazem, L-NAME, glibenclamide, atropine, chlorpheniramine, indomethacin and papaverine. The duration of the study was 84 days.

RESULTS: In non-incubated tracheal smooth muscle, the extract of C. longa showed significant concentration-dependent relaxant effects (p < 0.001 for all concentrations on both KCl and methacholine-induced contraction). There was no significant difference in the relaxant effects between C. longa and theophylline in both methacholine and KCl-induced contraction conditions. In tissues incubated with propranolol, diltiazem, L-NAME and glibenclamide on methacholine-induced contraction and in tissues incubated with atropine, chlorpheniramine, indomethacin and papaverine on KCl-induced contraction, the extract also showed significant concentration-dependent relaxant effects (p < 0.001). EC50 values of C. longa between non-incubated (16.22 ± 0.62) and incubated tissues (atropine: 13.03 ± 0.55, chlorpheniramine: 12.94 ± 0.68, indomethacin: 14.80 ± 0.57 and papaverine: 16.16 ± 1.42) were not significantly different.

CONCLUSIONS: Tracheal smooth muscle relaxant effects of C. longa, were comparable to those of theophylline, which could be due to the presence of methylxanthines or its possible interaction with non-adrenergic non-cholinergic nervous system.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.